Understanding Allotment Letter of Property

March 5, 2024
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Receiving an allotment letter of property is a pivotal moment in your property purchase journey. This official document, issued by the developer or housing authority, confirms your selection of a specific unit and outlines the agreed-upon terms, including its description, price, payment schedule, and possession date. Think of it as a binding agreement solidifying your claim to the unit and the developer’s commitment. But its significance extends beyond confirmation. It serves as proof of ownership, facilitating loan approvals and tax deductions. In this L&T Realty blog, we explore allotment letter meaning, as well as the various complexities associated with this document.

What is an Allotment Letter?

An allotment letter, issued by a developer or housing authority, holds both symbolic and legal significance in your property purchase journey in India. While not granting final ownership, it serves as a crucial stepping stone and legally binding agreement. Think of it as a formal confirmation of your chosen unit, outlining specific details like area, floor plan, price, payment schedule, and possession date. But its importance goes beyond mere confirmation.
Legally, the allotment letter creates a contractual relationship between buyer and developer, governed by RERA regulations. It establishes your initial claim to the unit, acting as proof of ownership crucial for potential legal recourse. Many lenders consider it essential for processing home loans, and it even aids in claiming tax deductions. However, it is important to remember that it does not equate to final ownership, which requires a registered sale deed. Ensure you thoroughly review the letter, clarify any doubts, and verify its compliance with RERA before signing. This crucial document safeguards your interests and plays a vital role throughout the property acquisition process.

Differences Between an Allotment Letter, Agreement to Sell, and Sale Deed

In India’s property journey, three crucial documents mark distinct stages: allotment letter, agreement to sell, and sale deed. Understanding their differences is essential.

Allotment letter

Issued by developers for under-construction properties, it confirms your unit selection and outlines key terms (price, payment schedule, possession date). While legally binding, it doesn’t transfer ownership and is primarily a confirmation and payment receipt.

Agreement to sell

This formalized contract spells out detailed terms and conditions of the sale, including responsibilities of both buyer and seller, dispute resolution mechanisms, and specific clauses like penalty for delayed possession. It marks a more committed stage than the allotment letter.

Sale deed

The ultimate document, registered with government authorities, officially transfers ownership of the property from seller to buyer. It contains details like title information, land measurements, and encumbrances, if any. This final step grants you complete legal ownership and possession rights.
In essence, the allotment letter is a preliminary confirmation, the agreement to sell establishes detailed terms, and the sale deed finalizes ownership transfer. Remember, each document holds specific legal weight and plays a distinct role in the property purchase process.

Key Components of Allotment Letter

Essential Elements

  • Project and Unit Details: This includes the project name, developer/authority information, unit number, floor plan, area, location, and any promised amenities. It clearly identifies the specific property you’re acquiring.
  • Price and Payment Schedule: The total cost of the unit, payment installments, deadlines, and penalty clauses for delayed payments are clearly outlined. This ensures financial clarity and avoids future disputes.
  • Possession Date: The expected date by which the unit will be handed over to you is mentioned. This sets a timeline for the builder and creates accountability.
  • Delivery Obligations: Details regarding common areas, parking spaces, and the promised completion of amenities are specified. This assures you of the promised infrastructure and facilities.
  • Termination Clauses: Conditions under which either party can terminate the agreement and the consequences of such termination are defined. This provides legal recourse for unforeseen circumstances.

Typical Terms and Conditions

  • Dispute Resolution Mechanism: Defines the process for resolving disagreements, outlining arbitration or other methods.
  • Specifications and Modifications: Defines the agreed-upon quality standards and clarifies whether modifications are allowed and under what conditions.
  • Taxes and Charges: Details any additional taxes, maintenance charges, or other fees applicable to the purchase.

Importance for Buyer and Builder

  • Buyer Protection: Provides proof of initial claim to the unit, facilitates loan approvals, and serves as documentation for tax benefits.
  • Builder Protection: Serves as a binding agreement, ensuring timely payments and deterring potential buyer defaults.

Types of Allotment Letter

Allotment letters in real estate are crucial documents issued by developers to buyers, marking the allocation of a property or unit. They come in various forms to suit different needs:

  • Accommodation Allotment Letter: Used for housing employees, allowing customization for specific requirements.
  • Property Flat Allotment Statement: Essential for buying flats under construction, detailing payment schedules and house plans.
  • Builder Allotment Letter: Issued upon the initial payment for an apartment, outlining the agreement’s terms and conditions.
  • Car Parking Allocation Letter: Requests a parking space, including details like payment date and license plate number.
  • Residential Plot Allocation Letter: For securing residential plots through a random selection process, detailing payment modes.
  • Commercial Space Allotment Letter: Confirms the allotment of commercial spaces, including lease or sale terms.
  • Allotment Letter for Villas or Bungalows: Used for upscale projects, confirming unit details and payment terms.

Process of Getting an Allotment Letter

1. Expressing Interest and Initial Selection

It all starts with your expression of interest in a specific unit. Filling out an application form and paying the fee reserves your spot in the selection process, which could involve a lottery, first-come-first-served basis, or even an evaluation depending on the builder or authority.

2. Letter of Intent (Optional)

Some builders might ask for a Letter of Intent (LOI) after you’re selected. This signifies your initial intention to purchase, might involve an additional fee, and often comes with a time limit for accepting the final offer.

3. Agreement and Initial Payment

Once you’re chosen, the builder/authority prepares a draft agreement for sale. Take your time reviewing it, and don’t hesitate to seek legal guidance if needed. After signing and making the stipulated initial payment, you are closer to confirmation.

4. Receiving the Allotment Letter

With the agreement signed and initial payment made, the builder/authority issues the much-awaited allotment letter. This confirms your unit allocation and outlines key details like unit specifics, price, payment schedule, possession date, and even cancellation clauses.

5. Necessary Documents and Prerequisites

Remember, to reach the allotment letter stage, you’ll need to submit all the required documents promptly. Payment receipts for application and initial payment, stamp duty and registration charges (if applicable), and a bank loan approval letter (if using one) are essential.

How to Verify an Allotment Letter

Scrutinize the Document

First, give the letter a thorough examination. Watch out for inconsistencies like mismatched project names, typos, or discrepancies in your details. Verify signatures and stamps, ensuring they match authorized personnel and official seals of the builder/authority. Finally, compare the terms and conditions with the signed agreement – unexpected changes could signal red flags.


Next, reach out for confirmation. Contact the developer directly to verify the letter’s legitimacy and address any concerns. Visit the project site to observe construction progress against the promised timeline mentioned in the letter. Remember, the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act website allows you to verify project registration and allotment details – a valuable tool in your verification arsenal.

Getting Expert Help

Finally, consider seeking professional help. Engage a lawyer to uncover legal inconsistencies or hidden issues within the document. An independent title search can further solidify your confidence by confirming the builder’s legal ownership of the land.
In case red flags do appear, consult legal counsel or RERA authorities for guidance and potential action. By following these steps, you can transform your allotment letter from a piece of paper into a legitimate claim to your dream property, paving the way for a secure and informed journey towards homeownership.

Negotiating Terms with Builder

While the allotment letter serves as a binding agreement, some aspects can be negotiated in India, depending on the builder’s flexibility and market conditions. Remember, negotiation requires tact and knowledge:

Negotiable Aspects

  • Payment Schedule: Negotiate extended timelines or adjusted installments, especially during construction delays.
  • Penalty Clauses: Discuss reducing late payment penalties or seeking alternative solutions like phased payments.
  • Possession Date: If delays are anticipated, negotiate compensation or revised deadlines with clear milestones.
  • Amenities: If promised amenities are unclear or subject to change, negotiate for specific details or alternative options.

Tips for Negotiation on Allotment Letter from Builder

  • Do your research: Understand market trends, builder reputation, and comparable projects.
  • Focus on specific points: Prioritize aspects most crucial to you and present clear justifications.
  • Get everything in writing: Any agreed-upon modifications must be documented and added to the agreement.

Flat Allotment/ Possession Letter: Understanding the Connection

Allotment Letter

This initial document confirms your claim to a specific unit, outlining key details like size, price, payment schedule, and possession date. It’s a binding agreement, but doesn’t transfer ownership.

Possession Letter

Once construction is complete and dues are settled, you receive the possession letter. This signifies you can physically move in and enjoy your property.

Key Differences

  • Timing: Allotment letter comes early, possession letter at completion.
  • Purpose: Allotment confirms selection, possession grants access.
  • Ownership: Allotment doesn’t transfer ownership, possession letter might (check for legal details).

Legal Use In Property Disputes

The allotment letter serves as a binding agreement between buyer and builder, outlining rights and obligations. While not transferring final ownership (reserved for the registered sale deed), it establishes your initial claim to the unit and is crucial for legal recourse in disputes concerning:

  • Non-delivery of promised unit: Proof of your allocation and agreed-upon terms.
  • Construction delays: Basis for claiming compensation or revised timelines.
  • Breach of contract by builder: Evidence of specific violations and potential damages.

It’s important to remember that the document’s enforceability depends on individual clauses and adherence to RERA regulations. Always clarify doubts and ensure it complies with RERA before signing. It’s a stepping stone with significant legal protection in your property purchase process.


  1. What is an allotment letter for property?
    An allotment letter, issued by a builder or authority, confirms your selection of a specific property unit and outlines key terms like area, price, payment schedule, and possession date. It’s a binding agreement, but doesn’t transfer ownership. Think of it as a confirmation and receipt for your chosen unit.
  2. What does it mean to receive an allotment letter?
    It signifies a crucial step in your property journey! It guarantees your claim to the chosen unit and sets the stage for further processes like payments and construction progress. It’s important to review the letter carefully and understand its terms before signing.
  3. What details are typically included in an allotment letter from a builder?
    It should include unit details (number, floor plan, area), project information, price, payment schedule, possession date, amenities, and cancellation clauses. Ensure all these details match your signed agreement and verify builder credentials for peace of mind.
  4. Is a flat allotment letter the same as a possession letter?
    No, they represent different stages. The allotment letter confirms your chosen unit, while the possession letter comes later, usually after construction completion and dues settlement. It grants you the right to physically move into your property.

Case Study

In 2020, homebuyers in Noida, India, faced delays and alleged irregularities in their Amrapali Group projects. They relied heavily on their allotment letters as legal proof to pursue claims against the builder in court for non-delivery of promised units. These letters documented their purchase agreements, payment details, and promised possession dates, serving as crucial evidence in seeking compensation and ultimately justice. This highlights the significance of carefully reviewing and understanding allotment letters, as they can become vital tools in protecting your rights in property disputes. Below is the latest update on this story:

Disclaimer: Stock image used for representational purpose only.