What Is the Home Loan Disbursement Process for Under Construction Property?

March 29, 2024
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Buying under-construction properties in India offers a range of possible expense benefits and customization options in comparison to buying ready-to-move-in homes. However, this entails a number of potential risks, including delays in construction as well as deviations from previously announced features. Understanding the home loan disbursement process for under construction property is crucial for home buyers. Unlike loans for completed properties, disbursements for under-construction homes are made in phases, based on construction progress, and directly paid to the developer. This phased payment method safeguards the buyer’s investment and ensures that the bank’s exposure is aligned with the project’s completion stages.
Buyers need to be familiar with the construction-linked payment plan, maintain regular communication with the bank to ensure timely disbursements, and monitor the project’s progress to avoid interest on undrawn amounts. Knowledge of this process can significantly impact the financial planning and overall experience of purchasing an under-construction property in India. This blog by L&T Realty takes a closer look at this process, giving you a clearer idea of how to go about buying an under-construction home.

Understanding Home Loan Disbursement

The home loan disbursement process involves the release of loan amounts by the lender to the borrower, typically in phases, based on the construction progress of the property being purchased. This process includes the submission of the loan application, verification of the property, the loan sanction process in banks, and finally, the disbursement itself. The key entities that are mainly involved in this process are the borrower, the lender (usually a bank), and the property developer. As mentioned earlier, the disbursement can either be full or partial, depending on the loan agreement and the construction stage of the property.

Loan Process and Housing Loan Disbursement Stages

As we have discussed in the beginning of the blog, home loan disbursement for under-construction properties is typically released in stages, based on construction progress, directly to the builder, ensuring funds are used for development. In contrast, loans for ready properties are disbursed in a single lump sum to the seller upon loan approval and completion of legal formalities, reflecting the immediate transfer of ownership. You might be wondering what is loan disbursement process for under-construction homes.

  • Application Submission: Submit your loan application along with required documents, including identity proof, address proof, income documents, and details of the property.
  • Legal and Technical Verification: The lender conducts a legal check of property documents and a technical evaluation of the construction project.
  • Loan Agreement: Once approved, sign the loan agreement, detailing the loan terms, disbursement schedule, and interest rates. The agreement plays a crucial role as it legally binds both parties to the agreed terms.
  • Disbursement Request: Submit a disbursement request form along with the demand letter from the builder, which specifies the current stage of construction and the amount needed.
  • Disbursement: The bank disburses the loan amount in installments based on the construction stages, directly to the builder’s account, ensuring the loan amount is used for construction purposes.

Home Loan Disbursement Stages

Upon home loan approval, the bank issues a sanction letter detailing the loan amount, tenure, interest rate, and validity. The borrower must then submit a down payment receipt and other paperwork such as the allotment letter and encumbrance certificate for further processing. The bank evaluates the property before disbursing the loan, either in full or in installments, based on the progress of the project’s construction as well as the credit score of the borrower. Note that the final interest rate may differ from the initial offer, with the bank issuing a revised sanction letter accordingly.

How Does the Loan Sanction Process in Banks Work?

After submitting your home loan application, the bank’s legal team will verify your property details, inspect the site, and assess its value. They check various documents such as the borrower’s contribution receipt, NOC, and sales deed. Once verified, you’ll receive a disbursement letter confirming your loan status. If additional documents are needed or if any are incomplete, the bank will request them. Ensuring all paperwork is complete and ready is crucial to avoid delays in loan disbursement and securing your dream home.

Benefits of Home Loans for Under-Construction Properties

Spreading Expense

With under-construction properties, the payment is often staggered across the construction period, allowing you to spread out the financial burden and manage your cash flow more effectively.

Tax Benefits

While under-construction properties in India might require patience due to longer wait times, home loan options offer enticing tax benefits. Unlike ready-to-move-in properties, you can claim tax deductions on the interest paid during the pre-construction phase.

Flexible Repayment Window

Home loan EMIs for under-construction properties are often linked to the construction progress. One would typically pay interest only on the disbursed loan amount until completion, easing the initial financial burden.

No EMI Till Possession – Explained

The “No EMI till Possession” scheme, often offered by developers or financial institutions for under-construction properties, allows homebuyers to defer EMIs until they gain possession of the property. Instead of paying EMIs, buyers may pay a nominal interest, known as Pre-EMI, on the disbursed loan amount, or in some cases, no payment is required until possession. This scheme aims to ease the financial burden on buyers who may be paying rent or cannot afford large payments during the construction phase.


  • Financial Relief: It alleviates the financial burden on buyers in the short term, who need not pay EMIs while still paying rent, allowing better cash flow management.
  • Investment Opportunity: Buyers can invest in property with minimal initial financial commitment, potentially benefiting from property appreciation before possession.
  • Planning Time: Provides a grace period for financial planning and saving before the full loan repayment begins, helping buyers adjust their budgets.
  • Reduced Risk: Mitigates the risk associated with paying for a property that is not yet habitable or complete, offering peace of mind to investors and end-users alike.

Key Considerations

  • Construction Delays: Be wary of potential delays in construction and possession, which could extend the period before EMI payments begin, affecting your financial planning.
  • Accumulation of Interest: Understand that interest may still accumulate during the no-EMI period, potentially increasing the overall cost of the loan.
  • Eligibility Criteria: Check the eligibility criteria carefully, as not all buyers or projects may qualify for this scheme, and terms can vary.
  • Long-term Financial Impact: Evaluate the long-term financial implications, including the total interest payable and how the deferred payments might affect the loan tenure or EMI amounts post-possession.

Understanding When Home Loan EMI Starts for Under Construction Property

Home loan EMIs for under-construction homes generally begin once the loan amount has been disbursed, which is often done in batches aligned with the progress of the project’s construction. The actual start date of EMIs can be influenced by a range of factors such as the chosen payment plan (“No EMI till Possession” for instance), the rate of construction, as well particular lender practices. Delays in the project can defer the EMI start date, whereas schemes like Pre-EMI interest payments allow borrowers to pay interest only until possession, affecting the overall loan timeline.

Types of Loan Disbursement

Full Disbursement

As the name suggests, this type of loan disbursement involves the entire loan amount being disbursed in one single payment. However, it’s important to note that the full disbursement type is generally used mainly for properties that have already completed construction. This amount is directly deposited into the account of the seller as a lump sum payment.

Partial Disbursement

This is a more commonly used mechanism when it comes to buying a home in a property that is still currently under construction. The payments of the loan will be made in accordance with the construction of the property. The lender would also be conducting inspections on the property to check whether the construction is going about as scheduled, before paying off the next installment of the loan amount

Construction-Linked Disbursement

Much like the partial disbursement mechanism, this type of home loan disbursement is one that is used for properties that are still under construction. However, the construction-linked disbursement type involves the payment of installments being made based on the stages of the property’s construction – such as the foundation, flooring or plinth phases. This is often considered the ideal type of disbursement for those looking to purchase a home that is still under construction.

Tips for Smooth Loan Disbursement


It is always wise to thoroughly inspect and verify all the relevant and necessary paperwork in relation to the property, before signing any loan agreement. Ensuring that there are no discrepancies and issues regarding the documentation for the property helps in minimizing the risk of potential legal issues in the future.

Examining Loan Agreement

While it should go without saying, taking a good look at the loan agreement and examining all the details mentioned in the document before signing it is vital. Before signing anything, one should have a clear idea of the terms and conditions such as the interest rates, tenure and schedule of repayment, as well as a range of other information.

Understanding the Disbursement Timeline

It is vital that you have a clear understanding of the schedule for the disbursement of the loan, whether the payments will be made in installments at different milestones of the construction or at set intervals of time.


What is the home loan disbursement process for under construction properties?

For under-construction properties, the home loan disbursement process involves paying the loan amount in batches, aligned with the construction milestones. The lender disburses payments directly to the builder based on the progress of construction, verified through periodic site visits and the submission of progress reports by the builder to the lender.

How does the “no EMI till possession” scheme work?

The “No EMI till Possession” scheme allows homebuyers to defer their EMIs until they receive possession of the property. Instead, buyers may pay pre-EMI interest on the disbursed loan amount or nothing at all during the construction phase, easing the financial burden until the property is ready for occupancy.

When does the EMI start for a home loan on an under-construction property?

Home loan EMIs for under-construction properties typically start after loan disbursement in stages, based on construction progress. Factors like payment plans, construction pace, and lender practices can affect the EMI start date. Options like “No EMI till Possession” or Pre-EMI interest payments can alter the loan timeline, with project delays potentially deferring EMIs.

What are the stages of housing loan disbursement for under-construction properties?

After home loan approval, the bank sends a sanction letter with loan details. The borrower submits a down payment receipt and documents like the allotment letter for processing. The bank assesses the property and disburses the loan, fully or in batches, possibly adjusting the interest rate in a revised sanction letter.

What is involved in the loan sanction process by banks?

Once you submit your home loan application, the bank’s legal team verifies property details, inspects the site, and assesses its value, checking documents like the contribution receipt and NOC. After verification, you receive a disbursement letter. Any missing or incomplete documents must be submitted to avoid delays in loan disbursement.

What exactly is loan disbursement, and how does it work?

Loan disbursement is the process by which a lender releases the approved loan amount to the borrower. It can be issued as a lump sum or in stages, depending on the loan type and agreement terms. The funds are typically transferred to the borrower’s account or directly to the service provider.

Are there any specific documents required for home loan disbursement?

When applying for the loan to begin with, one must submit their proof of income, as well as identity proof as well as address. Following approval, they would also have to submit a number of other relevant documents including property papers, bank statements, salary slips, income tax returns, a copy of form 16, as well as an NOC.

What happens if there are delays in the construction of the property?

Any delays or stoppages in the construction of the property in question could extend the period before EMI payments begin, affecting your financial planning.

Can I prepay my home loan during the construction phase?

Yes, it is possible for the borrower to pay off some amount of the principal during the pre-EMI period of the property that is under construction.

How do I ensure a smooth home loan disbursement process?

For smooth loan disbursement, verify all property-related paperwork and ensure no documentation issues exist to avoid future legal problems. Carefully examine the loan agreement, understanding terms like interest rates and repayment schedule. Know the disbursement timeline, whether payments are made in construction milestones or at set intervals.

What are the common pitfalls to avoid during the home loan disbursement process?

Common pitfalls in the home loan disbursement process include failing to thoroughly verify property documents, overlooking the details in the loan agreement, misunderstanding the disbursement schedule, and underestimating the total financial commitment, including interest rates and repayment terms. Avoiding these mistakes ensures a smoother loan process and financial stability.

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